About AAS 2.0-Modular Employable Skill Development:

Under AAS 2.0 project, CFM has joined hand with Industrial Training Institute (ITI) Khetri to provide modular employable skill development training among dropouts and youth in different trades with placement support and industry tie-up. One of the most effective ways of promoting entrepreneurship and supporting the development of entrepreneurial mind-sets and skills is through entrepreneur education.


The courses are available for the school leavers; instructors of the training institutes , Industrial Workers, Technicians, Junior and middle level Executives, Supervisors/Foremen, Women, Persons with disabilities, SC/STs, Ex-servicemen, Retrenched workers etc. Under the short term courses, more than 1 million persons can be trained every year in the existing ITIs and other institutions.

What we found out

Large percentage of population in India is living below poverty line. One of the important causes is lower percentage of skilled persons in the workforce. The skill development at present is taking place mostly in the informal way, i.e. persons acquire skill at the work-place when they help their parents, relatives and employers etc. Such persons do not have a formal certificate and thus earn lower wages and are exploited by employers. They have come through informal system due to socio-economic circumstances of the family and the compulsions of earning a livelihood rather than attending a formal course. While their productivity is low, their contribution to the national GDP cannot be ignored.


If the country can create a system of short term skill development and  certification which not only recognizes their skills but also provides education and training in a mode that suits their economic compulsions, it will not only benefit the workforce to earn a decent living but also contribute to the national economy by better productivity of this workforce.


Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development of any country. The economy becomes more productive, innovative and competitive through the existence of more skilled human potential. The level of employment, its composition and the growth in employment opportunities are the critical indicator of the process of development in any economy.

Increasing pace of globalization and technological changes provide both challenges and growing opportunities for economic expansion and job creation. In taking advantage of these opportunities as well as in minimizing the social costs and dislocation, which the transition to a more open economy entails, the level and quality of skills that a nation possess are becoming critical factors.

Gap Area/Problems:

The effectiveness and efficiency of the system is low for the reasons:

  • There is mismatch between skills requirement of the industry and skills produced by ITI.
  • The system caters mainly to the needs of traditional manufacturing sector, which represents less than 10% of the total workforce. The requirements of modern high-tech industries and services sectors as well as those of unorganized sector are not properly taken care of.
  • Inadequate involvement of stakeholders in the design and implementation of the training programmes. The emphasis over the years had been on quantitative rather than qualitative aspects.
  • Inadequate budget provision for raw material, consumables and maintenance in most of the ITIs.  The infrastructure in ITIs is poorly maintained.
  • Substantial number of ITI trainers is not qualified/certified Crafts Instructors. The competency of existing trainers needs to be upgraded at regular intervals by appropriate interventions.



What we want to achieve:

The largest share of new jobs in India is supposed to come from the unorganized sector that employs up to 93 per cent of the national workforce. Further, growth of employment in the organized sector is shrinking and majority of the employment is taking place in the informal sector. In our country, large numbers of students drop out before 8th standard. Very few opportunities for skill development are available for this target group.

Besides, there are large numbers of persons who have acquired skills informally but do not have a formal certificate. While their productivity may be low, their contribution to the national GDP cannot be ignored. If the country can create a system of certification which not only recognizes their skills but also make them eligible for further education and training in a mode that suits their economic compulsions, it will not only benefit the workforce to earn a decent living but also contribute to the national economy by better productivity of this workforce and reduction in downtime. There is need to scale up on-going experiments so that more youth learn about what entrepreneurship is, its potential as a career option and acquire some basic entrepreneurship skills.


In view of above, a scheme ‘Short Term Training Courses in ITIs/ITCs by optimally utilizing existing infrastructure’ has been evolved to meet the growing demand for skill training, testing & certification.

SOLUTION: Focus on the bottom of the pyramid- ITI


Short Term: 3-6 months

Mid Term: 6-9 months

Long Term: 9-12 months

The objective of this part of AAS is to upgrade the existing ITIs into “Centers of Excellence (CoE)” for producing multi skilled workforce of world standard. The highlights of this project are introduction of multiskilling courses subsequently by adopting industry wise cluster approach, multi entry and multi exit provisions, and Public-Private-Partnership in the form of Institute Management Committee (IMC) to ensure greater & active involvement of industry in all aspects of training.

Courses Offered

Name of courses Entry Level Sector Skill Council Training Hours Job Opportunities

Auto/E-Rickshaw Driver and  Technician


8th Automobile 600

E-Rickshaw Manufacturer/ Distributor

  • Own assembly center and service center
  • Self-employment through  finance under Mudra/ PMEGP
  • Establishing own workshop there by which an unemployed youth can come and join that workshop as a trainee.
  • Assembly parts/ Spare parts supplier
Solar Panel Installation Technician 10th Electronics and Hardware 500
  • Companies  involved in manufacturing solar panels/ installation/ Solar lighting/ Solar geyser
  • Solar based pump installation micro irrigation system-sprinkle  irrigation
  • Self-employment/distributorship/  service centre under Govt. finance schemes
Laser Cutting and  3-D Printing 10th Iron and Steel 380
  • Iron and steel Industry, Fabrication, Glass, Ceramic, Leather, Garments, Plastic, Rubber industries, Wood,  Automobile, Electronics, Construction, Iron and steel molding, workshop,  self-employment under Mudra/ PMEGP
Computer Network Assistance 10th IT-ITES 600
  • IT Sector, Call Centre, Multi-brand show-room, Service Centre on Govt. Finance scheme